Bacău Push & pull
|Name of the Hosting Project Partner:
North-East Regional Development Agency
|Contact person(s) for Study Visit (Name, e-mail):
Short description of the TOOL/MEASURE
|Name of the Measure:
Project PUSH & PULL – “Parking management and incentives as Successful and proven strategies for energy-efficient urban transport”
|Type : (Autonomous or Part of an integrated action plan?)
|Topic addressed (please mark in colour):
· Transport mobility;
· Land use planning;
· Innovative financing solutions.
|Managing Organisation (if not project partner, please provide name of the organization and website):
Agentia pentru Dezvoltare Locala Bacau (Bacau Local Development Agency)
|Geographic Coverage (Country/Region): Local
Bacau Municipality, Bacau County, North-East Region
|Starting Date and Expected Ending of the tool or measure:
|Beneficiaries / Target Group:
The three major target groups of the project are
For them information and arguments are provided with the aim to develop skills and capacities.
|Rationale (starting point, challenge, objectives, initiator(s) and stakeholders involved):
PUSH & PULL (also known as carrot and stick approach) is an idiom that refers to a policy of offering a combination of rewards / incentives and punishment to induce behavior.
The project aims to improve urban mobility by means of parking space management combined with mobility management (MM) measures. By introducing paid parking, increasing parking fees, reducing or restraining parking supply or implementing comparable measures, car drivers will be pushed to use more sustainable transport. At the same time, (parts of) the income generated from parking space management can be used for incentives to promote alternatives, thus pulling or attracting users towards public transport, walking, cycling and other sustainable modes which is the “core-funding mechanism”.
The project includes implementations in 8 cities / locations which incl. measures of parking space management and mobility management. All implementers set up the core-funding mechanism to use money gained from parking to finance mobility management. Further, training sessions for followers will be organised in 16 countries.
The flow of financial resources from parking revenues to mobility management and sustainable transport, as envisaged in this project, is a key means of ensuring that sustainable modes become an “integral part of mobility” in cities.
Current situation in Bacau
In Bacau exist approx. 10.000 parking spaces, from which aprox. 1.000 spaces are paid parking and approx. 1.340 are green parking spaces in residential neighborhoods. Paid parking is also implemented in the main goods markets of the city (Central Market, South Market).
Fees charged for parking are:
|Financing (costs? regional/national/European public or private resources?):
|Implementation Modality / Methodology:
PUSH & PULL will implement measures to reduce car and energy use and bring about a shift to more energy efficient modes in 8 EU cities. It does this by combining the highly effective push measure of parking management with tried and tested techniques for mobility management, and brings in further innovation by using the revenue raised from the former to help to finance the latter. The two are connected by the theme of finance (the revenues from parking management to fund mobility management).
The mobility management activities, campaigns and measures are carried out to influence the perception of options for alternatives (to inform and raise awareness) and then, together with parking management, to give car users the opportunity to try out new travel choices (experimental behaviour). Additionally, the introduction of mobility management measures at the same time as parking management measures is intended to enhance the public acceptability of the latter.
Implementation activities within PUSH & PULL
Parking Space Management (push)
It is planned that residential parking will be charged 2-3 euro /month. Parts of this amount will be used for maintenance and construction and installation of new parking spaces but also for public awareness campaigns for sustainable transport solutions.
Promotion of energy –efficient modes of transport (pull)
o buses to be sufficient and modern;
o circulation schedule to meet the needs of the citizens;
o ticket prices to be convenient;
o introduction of automatic vending machines for PT tickets.
|Internal organization of the implementation of the measure / Administrative Work-Flow:
|Performance Indicators (if applicable):
|Strong features of the tool/measure:
– knowledge accumulated regarding the measures concerning urban mobility following the training sessions and through the assistance received from famous European specialists in this field.
Weak features and criticalities of the tool/measure:
understanding the concept of parking management at institutional level
ensuring political commitment for the measures highlighted by the project
there are few specialists at local decision level within this area
urban mobility concept seems to be in its infancy as an integrated part of urban planning
|From the starting, did you apply any change in design and implementation? Any corrective action?
|What are the lessons learned for your region? For other regions? What would be conditions for potential transfer?
|What are the next steps/follow up actions? (if applicable):